Posts Tagged ‘ dog care ’

Salt & De-Icing Chemical Hazards

December 9, 2011

Hundreds of dogs and cats die from rock salt scattered by gritters in big
freeze (from

By Andrew Levy

Last updated at 4:18 PM on 23rd December 2010

Hundreds of pets are becoming seriously ill and in some cases dying because
of the rock salt and antifreeze being used during the cold snap, animal
charities warned yesterday.

Dogs and cats are walking through the substances left by gritters trying to
clear roads and car drivers defrosting their windscreens and then licking them
off their paws.

Consuming rock salt can cause dehydration, liver failure and pancreatitis,
while antifreeze contains the chemical ethylene glycol, which can be lethal when

A pedestrian walks a dog during a snow-fall in central London last weekA pedestrian walks a dog during a snow-fall in central
London last week. Dogs and cats are walking through the substances left by
gritters trying to clear roads and then licking them off their paws

The RSPCA said it has received 248 calls about cases involving cats and dogs
between January 1 and mid-November this year, compared to 259 for the whole of

It expects this year’s total to be ‘considerably higher’ once figures for the
current freeze are taken into account – and added these would represent the ‘tip
of the iceberg’ as only a fraction of cases are brought to its

Victims include Amanda Walsh, 31, whose four-year-old grey tabby Bubbles died
last week from anti-freeze poisoning, the third in her neighbourhood in a matter
of days.

‘She went missing last Tuesday and a neighbour said a cat similar to mine had
been found the following afternoon,’ said Mrs Walsh, a dinner lady from West
Earlham, near Norwich.

‘I went round to the people who found it and showed them a photo and they
said straight away it was her. They’d found her lying down in their garden. She
couldn’t move and was mewling in pain.

‘They wrapped her up and took her to the vet’s. Originally they thought she’d
been hit by a car but further investigation proved it to be antifreeze

‘I have two daughters and they’re devastated. I just want people to be aware
that this can happen. They should keep their pets indoors for the time being, if
they can, and, if they do go out, try and wash their paws when they come

Gritters spread grit down on a street in Glasgow. Consuming the rock salt in grit can cause dehydration, liver failure and pancreatitis in animalsGritters spread grit on a street in Glasgow. Consuming the
rock salt in grit can cause dehydration, liver failure and pancreatitis in

Animal nutrition counsellor Ruth Hayward-Smith said a young dog that attended
an obedience and agility class she runs had died after licking rock salt off her

Ruby, a five-month-old Lhasa Apso, fell ill on Sunday evening and had to be
put down the following morning.

‘When she got home she obviously groomed herself and she started salivating
excessively. Her owners rushed her to the vet where she was observed and allowed
home the following day,’ said Mrs Hayward-Smith, who runs her classes in Bracon
Ash, Norfolk.

‘But they were so concerned they took her to another vet who put her to sleep
straight away. She had gone into kidney failure.’

Animal charities said the public should take extra care when using
anti-freeze and mop up any spillages. Pet owners were also advised to clean
animals’ paws if they have been outside and even clip the fur to keep it

A truck spreads rock salt on the M1. The symptoms of consuming rock salt include burns to the mouth and throat and excessive salivating and drinkingA truck spreads rock salt on the M1. The symptoms of
consuming rock salt include burns to the mouth and throat and excessive
salivating and drinking

The symptoms of ingesting anti-freeze include vomiting, seizures, appearing
sleepy and a heightened breathing rate.

Symptoms of consuming rock salt – which contains the same ingredient as table
salt, sodium chloride, but also has harmful chemicals such as magnesium -
include burns to the mouth and throat and excessive salivating and

An RSPCA spokeswoman said: ‘Owners should contact a vet immediately if they
suspect that their pet may have been in contact with these substances or if they
see any warning signs or symptoms.

‘The sooner they are treated, the better their chances of surviving.’

Read more:

Assistance Dogs-How To Apply for One & F.A.Q.

December 9, 2011

Training Tip-Before Dinner

December 9, 2011

Try training your dog before breakfast & dinner-when you feed them, it will act as an added reward.

What to do if you find a stray dog

December 9, 2011
By    This link is from Cesar Millan’s website. I disagree with it. First you should notify the police and local animal control to get instructions from them. document who you spoke with & what they said. almost all states treat animals as property and you may not have the legal right to do anything with the dog-although you may be well intentioned. In some states, if you assume responsibility for a pet it becomes your pet. Also, someone might be looking for their lost friend & by immediately notifying the animal control, you may shorten the time it takes for the owner to find them or you could very well be blamed for doing more harm than good. Unfortunately, we live in a litigious society nowadays. . Some injuries require special treatment when moving the victim or otherwise, you can do more harm than good.

Service Dogs-A Breed Above

December 8, 2011

Dog Food Recalled-Cargill-announced on

December 8, 2011

Recall — Firm Press Release


FDA posts press releases
and other notices of recalls and market withdrawals from the firms involved as a
service to consumers, the media, and other interested parties. FDA does not
endorse either the product or the company.


Cargill Animal Nutrition Recalls River
Run and Marksman Dry Dog Food




– December 6, 2011 – Cargill Animal Nutrition today announced a
voluntary recall of two regional brands of its dry dog food1River Run and Marksman2 – due to aflatoxin3 levels that were detected above the
acceptable limit. The affected products were manufactured at Cargill’s Lecompte,
Louisiana, facility between Dec. 1, 2010, and Dec. 1, 2011. No illnesses have
been reported in association with these products to date, and no other Cargill
Animal Nutrition pet food products are involved in this recall. Affected
products are:

    Dog Food, 50 pound bags
    Food, 50 pound bags
  • RIVER RUN 21% Protein Dog Food, 40 and 50
    pound bags
  • RIVER RUN Hi-Pro No-Soy Dog Food, 40 and 50
    pound bags
  • MARKSMAN DOG FOOD 24% Protein 20% Fat, 40
    pound bags
  • MARKSMAN DOG FOOD 20% Protein 10% Fat, 40 and
    50 pound bags
  • MARKSMAN DOG FOOD 28% Protein 18% Fat, 40
    pound bags

The recall only applies to the above
products with the following Packaging Date Codes (lot numbers): 4K0335 through
4K0365, LL0335 through LL0365, 4K1001 through 4K1335 and LL1001 through

The affected dry dog food products were distributed in the
following 15 states/territories – Kansas, Missouri, Northeast Oklahoma,
Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Western Kentucky, Southeast
Indiana, Southern Illinois, Hawaii, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and limited
areas of Florida and California.  Retailers have already been instructed to
remove the affected brands and products from store shelves.

While no
adverse health effects related to these products have been reported, Cargill is
implementing this recall as a precautionary measure.  Consumers are urged to
return affected products – whether in opened or unopened packages — to their
place of purchase for a full refund.  For more information, including photos of
products involved, consumers can go to or call toll free

Aflatoxin is a naturally occurring mold by-product. Pets
that have consumed any of the above recalled products and exhibit symptoms of
illness including sluggishness or lethargy combined with a reluctance to eat,
vomiting, yellowish tint to the eyes or gums, or diarrhea should be seen by a

About Cargill

is an international producer and marketer of food, agricultural, financial and
industrial products and services. Founded in 1865, the privately held company
employs 138,000 people in 63 countries. Cargill helps customers succeed through
collaboration and innovation, and is committed to applying its global knowledge
and experience to help meet economic, environmental and social challenges
wherever it does business. For more information, visit Cargill.com5 and its news



RSS Feed for FDA Recalls Information7 [what's this?8]





Holiday Hazards

December 7, 2011

Holiday Hazards for Pets

Tips for keeping your pet merry this season
Shea Cox, DVM | December 7, 2011
A Frenchie arrived at the ER with a one-inch of ribbon peeking out from her rectum, which Shea Cox removed without incident..

O Christmas Tree! O Christmas Tree!

You are beautiful, but you can hurt me!

As the holiday season gears up, have you noticed that with the increase in fun and festivities comes a simultaneous increase in the level pet mischief? There just seems to be no way for our curious pups to resist the allure of all that holiday paraphernalia.

Below is a list (all naughty, no nice!) of the common problems I treat on an emergency basis:

Decorative lights on the tree can pose a serious electrocution hazard when chewed. Signs of electric shock range from a dazed and confused behavior to difficulty breathing, burn injuries in the mouth, seizures and potentially sudden death. Immediate evaluation by a veterinarian is recommended if you suspect electrocution. Take appropriate precautions to ensure lights are hung out of reach and the cord is adequately protected. Use grounded three-prong extension cords and strictly follow manufacturer’s guidelines for light usage.

Tinsel and ribbon can potentially cause an obstruction in the intestines when ingested. In medical terms, we refer to these items as “linear foreign bodies,” and they have significant potential to get bound up within the intestinal tract causing a blockage, and in some cases, cutting through the intestines.

Most often, these linear foreign bodies get “hung up” in the intestines, causing deadly “bunching” and can only be removed by surgical means. If you notice a bit of ribbon, tinsel or string, whether from the mouth or the other end (see photo), it is important to remember never cut the ribbon or attempt to remove it yourself! Seek veterinary care immediately.

Vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite and depression will be the most common abnormalities seen when an intestinal obstruction is developing, and early surgical care is essential. Exercise extreme caution and never leave pets unattended around string, tinsel and ribbon.

Ornaments may be ingested and have potential to cause an obstruction leading to the need for surgery. Ornaments made of glass can fall and break, leading to cuts and other injuries. Adequately secure ornaments and place them above the reach of wandering paws and curious noses.

Tree-stand water contains preservatives and sap that may cause vomiting and diarrhea.

Festive plants are often displayed during the holidays and precautions should be taken to avoid ingestion of any plant. Even “nontoxic” plant material, such as pine needles, may cause stomach upset.

Common holiday plants to take particular note of include:

  • Lilies are extremely toxic to cats. Ingestion of any part of the plant, even in small amounts, can cause life-threatening toxicity. Early signs include lethargy and vomiting. Without prompt treatment, most cats will become extremely ill and develop kidney failure within 36 to 48 hours of ingestion.
  • Amaryllis, also known as Belladonna lily, often causes vomiting, diarrhea and belly pain in cats and dogs. It can cause more serous problems including low blood pressure and liver damage.
  • Poinsettia plants are considered to be mildly toxic, often only causing mild stomach upset and/or skin irritation. Treatment is recommended only if any clinical signs develop.
  • Mistletoe and holly species contain a variety of potentially toxic constituents, but serious poisonings are infrequent. Clinical signs are usually limited to salivation, vomiting and diarrhea.

Potpourri is often used around the house to put us in the holiday mood. The plant material and some additives are very irritating to the skin, mouth and intestinal tract. If skin exposure is suspected, then bathing with a mild soap is recommended and medical care may be needed to treat irritation and pain that follow exposure. Ingestion often results in signs that may include drooling, loss of appetite, vomiting, and in some cases, disorientation.

Treats are a common source of holiday emergencies. While it can be hard to resist your pleading pet’s eyes, it is important to recognize the dangers of particular foods and treats:

  • Fatty foods such as meat trimmings are common culprits for causing stomach upset, vomiting, diarrhea and pancreatitis.
  • Bones expose your pets to many unnecessary risks, including the potential for choking or developing an obstruction in their intestinal tract. Cooked bones when chewed can fragment into small slivers that can cause severe irritation to the intestinal tract as they pass.
  • Rawhides and bully sticks have potential to cause choking and intestinal obstruction.

“People foods” that we take for granted as being safe for us are not always safe for our pets. Raisins and grapes have been implicated in causing kidney failure in dogs. Onion ingestion can cause blood cell damage in both dogs and cats. Chocolate contains caffeine and a caffeine-like substance (theobromine) that dogs and cats are highly sensitive to causing stomach upset, tremors, seizures and irregular heartbeat. Macadamia nuts cause dogs to show a variety of strange neurological signs that can include weakness, apparent pain, disorientation and tremors.

I hope this information helps you and your four-legged family members avoid any “bah-humbugs” this holiday season!

taken from

Making the Tough Decision

December 7, 2011

Dr. Richard Palmquist

Chief of Integrative Health Services at Centinela Animal Hospital, Inglewood California

Making End-of-Life Choices for Our Pets
Posted: 12/ 5/11 07:01 PM ET


 It was a tough day for a new veterinarian. I stepped out of the exam room and walked to my desk visibly upset. The senior partner of the three-doctor practice asked me what was wrong. Three times that morning a client had asked me if they should end their pet’s life, and I felt ill-prepared to counsel people in these cases.  If the person who lived with my patient was unclear, how could I know better? What if I was wrong? Can we predict miracles? I did not want to “play God,” and I was afraid of making a decision that would turn out to be incorrect. After all, the choice to euthanize a beloved pet is permanent. No amount of regret can undo the action once it is done.

The gentle doctor rubbed his salt and pepper beard and acknowledged my concerns. He asked if I would like some suggestions.

What followed was some of the best advice anyone has ever given me:

  1. Acknowledge the affection and feelings associated with a pet’s life. The word “euthanasia” means “to bring about a good death.” The choice to treat or euthanize is a major one. No one, veterinarian or guardian, wants to be wrong. It’s simply a very big choice.  While none of us ever wants our favorite fuzzy friend to leave, we do desire that they pass gently and without pain, suffering, fear or degradation. This means that questions about when and how are natural and necessary between people who share affection for animals.
  2. Clients and doctors are partners. Clients and veterinarians share information and they share decision making, but there is a sacred aspect of the human-animal bond that is best described in the concept of stewardship. Ultimately, the steward of this patient is the guardian. No veterinarian can make the final choice for an animal guardian. The final choice must come from them, but it’s natural and beneficial for a veterinarian to assist in that process as an extension of the professional and personal relationship that manifests from our shared affection for living things.
  3. Acknowledge the guardian’s love and track record in making good choices. Many of us worry about making mistakes, and in medicine mistakes can be fatal and lead to irreversible damage. The fear of error can actually make us more likely to make mistakes, so we are better off in this discussion if we banish fear, and realize that this process is simply about loving our friends and making choices based upon what is best for them. Looking and discussing work better than worrying. Most of us make right choices when we are given safe space, correct information and support, which allows us time to come to a conclusion on our own.
  4. Ask, “Does he have more good days than bad ones? More good moments than bad?” Honestly assessing this question gently leads most people to a safer place for discussion. It is amazing to me how fast many people answer this question and how easily it leads them to sensible choices. Sometimes we are not really looking, and we may need to honestly and objectively assess this fact before we can decide. In most cases it is fine to simply decide to take a week and really look at this fact. People need to be aware though that conditions can change, and so it is important to look for more than just a moment. For instance, some arthritis pain cases get really bad after cold, wet weather. Waiting until the weather clears may result in a totally different decision, so do be sure to give enough time to really know.
  5. Knowing it’s time. Many people experience a moment where they look at their pet and suddenly a moment of calm silence ensues when they know it is time. If a person knows it is time and I have no other medical information to share then I feel good about their choice.
  6. If it is not time, is there something that needs to occur? A family member may wish to visit and say their goodbyes, or we may want to share a few more ball catches at the beach, or watch some more sunsets together. If we can name those things and enjoy each moment, then it becomes easier to say farewell.
  7. Do you know your options? It is necessary to know all the options before deciding. Euthanasia can be done in the examining room of the veterinary hospital, or it can be done at home. People can be present or not depending on their needs. There are other options beside euthanasia, as natural death following hospice is a rich choice for many people. Hospice is a growing area of interest, especially as our technical abilities improve. I’ve lectured for years about how we can address the needs of clients and patients with “hopeless or terminal” diseases. Some of these patients can live long, happy lives despite their serious conventionally diagnosed condition. In their lives, we learn so many lessons that enrich our abilities to be happy.


All living things are born, grow old and pass away. Death is a part of living and if we concentrate on living then we have better, happier lives. If we face death with the same sense of love and understanding that we live our lives, then we can navigate this process and learn many things along the way. As death comes, we are faced with the importance of relationship and not with things. Sometimes just calmly being together is the greatest gift of all. Don’t wait to learn that lesson.

Link to Article:

Suspect Arrested for Torturing Puppy

December 7, 2011

ALBANY — A 22-year-old city man was arrested Friday morning after police  said he swung a 9-week-old puppy like a lasso from its leash.

Officer William  Pierce was on patrol at 7:15 a.m. when he saw Patrick  Gray of Spring St. swing the pit bull mix puppy 10 feet in the air several  times and let him drop to the sidewalk on his head.

Police said Pierce checked the dog, named Roscoe, who had injured his right  leg and vomited several times, and Animal Control took him to Central Vet for  an examination.

Police said the puppy will fully recover at the Mohawk  Hudson Humane Society in Menands.

Once the dog recovers, Officer Adam  Brace, a 2-year veteran of the department, will adopt him. Police said Brace  was finishing up his shift at the Center Station when he saw Roscoe, played with  him and decided to adopt him.

Gray was charged with torturing an animal, a misdemeanor, and was arraigned  at Albany City Court Friday morning.

Read more:

Senior Dogs-Accomodating Them

December 7, 2011

Our older dog’s senses & abilities are declining so we are trying to make life as easy as possible for her. We noticed she now balks at the bottom of our stairs. We recently went away & she went up & down steep stairs but waited for one of us to be behind her & for 1 to be in front. She wouldn’t start down the stairs if only 1 of us was there-we both had to be there. This was also the case for going up. Now that we have returned home she doesn’t want to go up our carpeted stairs with a tile landing. The stairs she went up when we were away were not a uniform color as the ones in our home and there was grass at the bottom whereas there is tile at the bottom in our house. I started to try to think how I would be with failing eyes & rear legs. It then dawned on me that the carpeted stairs may look like one big solid colored ramp which prevents her from seeing each step. I also thought that if she  puts her front legs on the steps then all of her weight would be on her back legs which would slip on the tile as she no longer has the strength she once had. My solution was to put a mat on the landing and blue painter’s tape on the edges of the stairs. So far it has worked & she is willing to go up the stairs but still waits for both of us to be with her. She was telling us what was wrong, we just had to figure out her language

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